The professional integration of young people without a diploma is often long, complicated and precarious. Here are 5 initiatives that deserve to be known by these young unqualified candidates.

Second chance schools

The most recent was inaugurated on June 30, 2017 in Normandy, at Hérouville Saint-Clair. “The national network is continuing,” says AlexandreSchajer, President of the E2C France Network. In one year our network has grown from 110 to 118 school sites. Last year, these e2cs welcomed nearly 15,000 young people aged 16 to 25 without qualifications with the aim of finding them a lasting solution for social, civic and professional integration. 84% did not have a CAP / BEP validated or employment. 62% had no experience and 10% were job seekers for over a year. To apply, all you have to do is contact the school closest to you to define which course is possible . The success rate posted after support was 62% in 2016 . These are individualized courses with remuneration of around € 300 per month funded by the Region. The average journey lasts six and a half months .

“Many candidates, and young people in particular, can benefit from sometimes unsuspected measures.”

Youth guarantee

Last year, 100,000 young people aged 16 to under 26 were able to take advantage of it. “Many candidates, and young people in particular, can benefit from sometimes unsuspected measures”, observes Laurence Boulieu, author of the book Employment, I believe! . This advisor at Pôleemploi regularly directs the profiles that she supports towards innovative systems. The youth guarantee , for example, makes it possible to support young people in very precarious situations towards employment or training. It is a specific modality of the contractualized support path towards employment and autonomy (PACEA). To apply, you must contact the local mission of your place of residence because, to implement it,. This system allows young people in a very precarious situation on the labor market to benefit for one year in intensive collective support and immersion in a company . It also includes financial assistance of € 472 per month.

School 42

Everyone snatched their first promotion even before they left school . “Almost all of the 850 students were overwhelmed by proposals during their training”, rejoices Nicolas Sadirac, director general and co-founder of school 42. In another genre, this alternative training in computer science, completely free, is accessible to 18-30 years old, whatever their level of qualification. The only condition: be passionate about computers and self-taught . In this school, open 7 days a week and 24 hours a day, no teacher or timetable . “It’s a teaching method that’s totally different from anything done elsewhere. Our students work in collaborative mode, in peer-to-peer, and are thus constantly trained in real time in new technologies. »We register and take the first selection tests on the school site.


Since their creation in 2005, the Epide (establishment for integration into employment) have trained nearly 30,000 young people. This organization now has 19 centers, the most recent of which opened in Toulouse in April 2017. “There is a wide variety of training courses of different inspiration, especially for young people,” continues Laurence Boulieu. Here, the originality of the device is based on multidisciplinary teams that guarantee the volunteer comprehensive support (education and citizenship advisers, monitors, general education and IT trainers, etc.) and take place in a military-inspired setting. , based in particular on week boarding and learning to live in a community. Last year, nearly 3,500 volunteers were hosted in one of its establishments, with a success rate of 52.2%. The average stay lasts eight months and young people receive € 300 per month.

Adapted and voluntary military service

In the same spirit, first launched overseas in 1961, the ADM (adapted military service) has already supported nearly 6,000 young people removed from the labor market towards employment last year. The SMV (voluntary military service) which is inspired by it is already offered on four sites in metropolitan France (and will be on six at the end of the year) and is aimed at young dropouts aged 18 to 25. The training then lasts between six and twelve months with compensation of € 315 per month, but above all with the development of a professional project, according to the local employment pools and according to needs, and under the supervision of soldiers.