Young people from priority neighborhoods are not the only ones to constitute variables for adjusting economic conditions, it is all young people who are affected by this phenomenon, the integration professionals whom we have met in the framework of the investigation insisted on this point.
These are possible effects of globalization in the journey of young people, as it intensifies competition by making capital and labor more and more mobile. This in turn forces businesses and national economies to constantly adjust to these changing conditions. Increased competition pushes companies to innovate and create more new products, which in turn increases market instability. Growing uncertainty in economic forecasts then becomes commonplace.
This has consequences for the employment strategies of companies, especially with regard to young people who enter the labor market without experience or seniority. Most young people have no connection with the business world, organizations and the productive environment. Thus, they expose themselves to increasing flexibility in their employment conditions, even if these effects of globalization are filtered by institutional arrangements.
Also, we see that young people suffer more from market fluctuations than adults. They have a lot to do with temporary employment and are also overrepresented in low-paid jobs.
In this context, as we have explained, education and professional experience constitute the decisive elements of human capital, in other words the best weapons of protection against these instabilities of the economic system. Young people who have a low level of education and little or no professional experience (s) are the young people most affected by the effects of globalization and they will have a high probability of experiencing precarious jobs. . Conversely, those who have a strong academic capital and professional experience will use it to move towards stable employment. This is how social inequalities, consequences of the level of education, between young people will continue to grow.
From this perspective, employment is a means and not an end. This approach is important to integrate into the analysis, insofar as it inevitably transforms the relationship of young people to job search. This will be less oriented towards the search for personal fulfillment and self-fulfillment through a project built and desired over the long term than a desire for income with a view to financial independence and development. ‘a need to integrate the consumer society.
This relation to income helps to explain the specific temporalities of these young people: integration professionals observe that they are much less patient in the job search. Their desire to invest a job right away is great and must be taken into account in any support process.
Also, professionals analyze the difficulty of professional integration as a will, deliberate or unconscious, of certain young people to postpone taking responsibility until later. This is an explanatory factor that we found in all the cities. The “click”, or trigger, of which we spoke above, which corresponds, through awareness, to the need to effect a conversion from one environment to another – from youth to the adult world, from student to professional, from “galérien” to the inserted … – occurs more and later. There are many explanations for this: lack of “baggage”, of networks, etc.